Characterization of thymocyte phenotypic alterations induced by long-lasting beta-adrenoceptor blockade in vivo and its effects on thymocyte proliferation and apoptosis
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Adult male Wistar rats were subjected to propranolol (P, 0.40 mg/100 g/day) or saline (S) administration (controls) over 14 days. The expression of major differentiation molecules on thymocytes and Thy-1 (CD90) molecules, which are shown to adjust thymocyte sensitivity to TCR alpha beta signaling, was studied. In addition, the sensitivity of thymocytes to induction of apoptosis and concanavalin A (Con A) signaling was estimated. The thymocytes from P-treated (PT) rats exhibited an increased sensitivity to induction of apoptosis, as well as to Con A stimulation. Furthermore, P treatment produced changes in the distribution of thymocyte subsets suggesting that more cells passed positive selection and further differentiated into mature CD4+ or CD8+ single positive (SP) TCR alpha beta(high) cells. These changes may, at least partly, be related to the markedly increased density of Thy-1 surface expression on TCR alpha beta(low) thymocytes from these rats. The increased frequency of cells ex...pressing the CD4+25+ phenotype, which has been shown to be characteristic for regulatory cells in the thymus, may also indicate alterations in thymocyte selection following P treatment. Inasmuch as positive and negative selections play an important role in continuously reshaping the T-cell repertoire and maintaining tolerance, the hereby presented study suggests that pharmacological manipulations with beta-AR signaling, or chemically evoked alterations in catecholamine release, may interfere with the regulation of thymocyte selection, and consequently with the immune response.
Кључне речи:beta-adrenoceptor blockade / CD90 expression / Con A / T-cell differentiation / thymocyte apoptosis / thymocyte proliferation
Извор:Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry, 2006, 285, 1-2, 87-99
- Springer, Dordrecht